Hiphopo istorija
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Hiphopo istorija

1969

§ Don Campbell had become a well-known street dancer in Los Angeles and invented a dance called „Campbellock“.

top 1970-1973

§ Hip Hop „Grandfather“ Afrika Bambaataa (Godfather of Hip-Hop culture, Father of the Electro Funk sound, founder of the Universal Zulu Nation, visionary, historian, and the Master of Records) starts to DJ.

§ 1970 – The Last Poets, pioneers of hip-hop, record their self-named LP on Douglas Records, using a mixture of spoken word and jazz drumming and instrumentations.

§ The origin of tagging, began in New York City in the early 70s by Vic, a mail courier who rode the local subways and buses to deliver his packages. He set a goal for himself to visit every subway and ride every bus in NY. (aka „All City“) He began to write his name (Vic) and his courier ID number (156) on every subway and bus he rode on.

§ Phase 2 (bubble styles), Case 2, Tracy 168, Sly II, Chain 3, Lee 163d, Julio 204, Frank 207 and Joe 136 were many early NYC tag names as well as originators of various styles of piecing such as: bubble, wildstyle and computer style.

§ No one knows who started graffiti during this era but we do know who made it famous. It was TAKI 183, a Greek teenager from Washington Heights named Demetrius.

§ One of the most revered graffiti crew and earliest group to form was the Ex-Vandals.

§ „Independent Writers“ indicated their crew affiliation by writing „INDS“ after their tags.

§ Graffiti group „Wanted“ was founded by TRACY 168 in 1972. Tracy was a white kid who was so tough that he was allowed to hang out with the Black Spades (At its peak in the seventies „Wanted“ had over seventy members.)

§ The Graffiti bombing movement began in the mid to late _60s in Philly, PA by writers CORNBREAD and COOL EARL.

top 1973

§ Kool Herc, Father of Hip-Hop, aka Clive Campell, deejayed his first block party. He played soul, old funk and R&B records on his turntables. He was born in Jamaica and immigrated in _67 (age 12) from Kingston where he brought his knowledge of the Jamaican soundsystem scene to the Bronx.

§ Kool Herc played the _break_ or _getdown_ sections – the part where the break beat or percussion part of the song was played in its rawest form. But because the breaks of the songs weren_t very long, he expanded them by using two turntables with double copies of the record. The „breakbeats“ he rocked layed the foundation for the B-Boys (Break-Boys – The dancers who rocked out on the dancefloor during these breaks.

§ Official birthday of The Universal Zulu Nation is November 12,1973.

top 1974

§ After seeing Kool Herc play at parties Grandmaster Caz (Cold Crush Brothers), Bambaataa (aka Kahyan Aasim – born 1957) and Grandmaster Flash (innovator of the quick mix and cutting, master of the „wheels of steel“) are heavily influenced by Herc_s DJ skills.

§ Herc, Caz, Bambaataa and Flash play at block parties, parks, and house parties all over the Bronx neighborhoods.

§ Afrika Bambaataa reorganized „The Organization“ and renamed it to the „Zulu Nation“. Bam, a previous gang leader (Black Spades) and social activist, created a collective of DJs, breakers and graffiti artists to bring social conscienceness to hip hop. Five b-boys joined him who he called the Shaka Zulu Kings, there were also the Shaka Zulu Queens which along side the „Nigger Twins“, were the very first B-Boying crews ever.

§ Graffiti Art has become widely visible on New Yorks subway cars.

§ Influenced by the Carribean style of „toast“ and „boast“, the pioneers began taking their turntables and speakers into parks and lightly rhyming over records. („To tha beat y_all“ or „And ya dont stop.“)

top 1975

§ „Emceeing“ evolved from party shouts like „_Kool Herc is in the house and he_ll turn it out without a doubt“.

§ Coke La Rock and Clark Kent (aka Tyrone Smith, not the DJ for Dana Dane) formed the first emcee team. They became known as Kool Herc and the Herculoids along with their DJ named Timmy Tim. (source: Phyllis Wilder)

§ New York City was broke with a poorly maintained transit system. Bubble lettered throw up pieces appeared all over the cars.

§ „Throw ups“ peaked from _75 thru _77 from throw up kings IZ, PI, IN, LE, TO, OI, FI, CY, TEE, PEO, TI 149 and DY 167.

top 1976

§ Bam_s first official DJ battle was against Disco King Mario at Junior High School 123 (a.k.a. the Funky 3).

§ Graffiti artist Lee Quinones became well known for his subway car murals.

top 1977

§ Hip Hop shifted more attention to the MCs while DJs Bam, Disco King Mario, Breakout, Casanova Fly, Disco Wiz, and Grandmaster Flash continued to perform around town.

§ DJ Disco Wiz credited for being the first Latino DJ.

§ Rock Steady Crew established by Bronx b-boys Jimmy D and JoJo.

§ What „Uprock“ was to New York B-Boys, „Locking“ had become to the Electro-Boogie LA youth. It was started by Lockatron Jon and Shabba-Doo. Shabba was also responsible for introducing „Popping“ to New York, which many claim to be the first, real hip-hop dance. (They even go as far as to say they were performing it in 1969.)

§ German band Kraftwerk releases „Trans-Europe Express,“ a trancelike synth anthem that becomes the primary source for Electro-Funk artists like Bamabaataa, Planet Patrol, Jonzun Crew, and Newcleus.

§ The NYC Transit Authority established a giant subway car wash at its Coney Island train yard at annual cost of $400,000. (sprayed with petroleum
hydroxide.)

§ Graffiti „style revival“ with a new wave of creativity in late 1977 from crews TDS, TMT, UA, MAFIA, TS5, CIA, RTW, TMB, TFP, TC5 and TF5.

§ The rise of Grandmaster Flash and Furious Five, and Bambaataa_s various crews and MCS placed Herc at a disadvantage. One night Herc was stabbed three times at his own party and his career never fully recovered.

top 1978

§ Bambaataa and Grandmaster Caz (aka Casanova Fly, Cold Crush Brothers) battle at the P.A.L. (Police Athletic League).

§ Music industry coined _rap music_.

§ In New York local dance crews added waves and smoother movements to the „Popping“.

§ Charlie Robot who used to appear on „Soul Train“ introduced the „The Robot“ to the mainstream media.

§ Noted B-Boy crews included Breakmachine, Uprock and the Motor City Crew, Dynamic Rockers, Rock Steady Crew, Floormasters Incredible Breakers and Magnificent Force.

§ Lee Quinones abandoned painting his murals on the subway trains and started painting his murals on handball courts. (Handball court painting originated with TRACY 168.)

§ In 1978, Kurtis Blow needed a DJ. Russell Simmons was Kurtis_ manager at the time and his brother Joseph (aka as Run of Run DMC) got the job. He got his name „Run“ because he could cut between two turntables so quickly.

top 1979

§ Bam jointly promotes shows with Kool Herc under the name Nubian Productions.

§ The Sugarhill Gang (a pre-fab group assembled by record mogul Sylvia Roberts) records „Rapper_s Delight,“ the first commercial rap record on Sugar Hill records.

§ The Fatback Band hires radio DJ King Tim III to provide a rap for one of their B-sides (controversy continues over which is the „first“ rap on a record).

§ Kurtis Blow releases „Christmas Rappin“ on Mercury Records, first rapper on a major label.

§ Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five puts out an obscure singles „Superrappin“ on Enjoy.

§ Mr. Magic_s Rap attack radio show on NJ radio station WHBI from 2 to 5 a.m. Saturday nights.

§ Cold Crush brothers begin performing live shows – (Members: JDL, Charlie Chase, DJ Tony Tone, Grandmaster Caz, Almighty KayGee, and EZ AD.

§ Spoonie Gee_s „Spoonin_ Rap“ is released on Enjoy records.

§ Funky Four Plus One, Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, Grand Wizard Theodore and the Fantastic Romantic Five were well established in the scene.

§ RSC brings in Crazy Legs and Lenny Len into the Rock Steady Chapter.

§ Jimmy Spicer releases „Adventures of Super Rhymes“ on Dazz Records. 13 Minute imaginative storytelling song.

§ The cult-classic movie „Warriors“ is released which details street gangs all throughout NYCs 5 borroughs and shows heavy signs of subway graffiti.

top 1980

§ Year of the record label battles. Enjoy and Disco Fever records pop on the scene.

§ Kurtis Blow releases „The Breaks“ on Mercury records (went on to sell more than a million copies).

§ Kurtis Blow is the first hip hop artist to appear on national television. He peforms „The Breaks“ on Soul Train on October.

§ Sequence – All female crew off of Sugar Hill records hits the charts with the release of the single “Funk You Up” .

§ Members of the High Times Crew are arrested for breakdancing at a Washington Heights subway — photos of the incident in the New York Post .

§ Afrika Bambaata and his crew the Zulu Nation release their first 12″ on Paul Winley Records called „Zulu Nation Throwdown Pt. 1“.

§ Blonde releases „Rapture“after meeting Fab 5 Freddy and others during the Mudd Club era. Lead singer Debbie Harry raps.

top 1981

§ On February 14th, The Funky 4 plus One More performed their classic hit,“That_s The Joint“ on NBC_s Saturday Night Live becoming the first hip hop Group to appear on national television.

§ Dynamic Rockers and Rock Steady Crew battle at the Lincoln Center.

§ Grandmaster Flash_s „Adventures on the Wheels of Steel“ is the 1st rap record to bring the real sounds of live DJ scratching on wax.

§ Disco Daddy and Captain Rapp_s „Gigolo Rap“ (Rappers Rapp _1989) is the first west-coast rap on vinyl.

§ ABC_s 20/20 shows the first national television coverage of the „Rap Phenomenon“.

§ Beastie Boys are formed: Adam Horovitz aka King Ad-Rock (b. October 31, 1966) _ Adam Yauch aka MCA (b. August 5, 1964) _ Michael Diamon aka Mike D (b. November 20, 1965).

top 1982

§ Afrika Bambaataa and the Soul Sonic Force releases „Planet Rock“ on Tommy Boy records in May, the first big techno-funk hit with the Kraftwerk_s „Trans Euro Express“ beat. (selling 620,000 copies in the US alone)

§ Soul Sonic Force members: Bam, Jazzy Jay, Mr. Biggs (Ellis Williams), G.L.O.B.E. (John Miller), Whiz Kid and Pow Wow (Robert Darrell Allen).

§ Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five release „The Message“ in June on Sugar Hill Records which peaked at _4 on the music charts.

§ Roller Skating Jams – Sat. Feb 27th, 1982 at the Bronx Skating Rink by Nubian Productions.

§ The Cold Crush Brothers appeared in the legendary South Bronx hip hop film Wild Style.

§ Popular graffiti artist Futura 2000 puts out a record with himself rhyming called „Futura 2000 and His Escapades“ with music done by the Clash, signifying the beginning of the rock/rap fusion.

§ First international hip hop tour in Europe with Bambaataa, Fab 5, Rammellzee, GrandMixer DXT (formerly D.ST.) & The Infinity Rappers, Rock Steady Crew, the Double Dutch Girls, and Graffiti Artists Phase 2, Futura,
and Dondi. At this point parts of Europe and Asia became exposed to the culture, which resulted in its fast growing popularity worldwide.

§ George Clinton releases the legendary funk track „Atomic Dog“.

§ Wild Style, co-created by Fab 5 Freddy and directed by Charlie Ahearn, is released featuring the first full-length account of all four elements in hip hop culture: Graffiti, DJ-ing, MCing, and B-boying. The actors are played by the real members of New York_s hip hop scene including graffiti legends Lee, Zephyr, Fab 5 Freddy, Lady Pink, Crash, Daze, Dondi and showcases performances from Grandmaster Flash, Grandwizard Theodore, DJ AJ, Grandmixer D.S.T and Rock Steady Crew members: Crazy Legs and Frosty Freeze. The soundtrack was produced by Fab 5 Freddy and Chris Stein with performances by Double Trouble, Cold Crush Brothers, Fantastic Freaks, Chief Rocker Busy Bee, Rammellzee and Shockdell.

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