Means of transport car
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Means of transport car

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Means of transport

“Car”

2005

Walking used to be to most common way to move from one place to an other.

However, postcards often also show the major means of transportations. Some

of them completely disappeared little by little, like the dogs carts, some

others evolved like the bus :

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An automobile is a wheeled vehicle that carries its own motor.

Different types of automobiles include cars, buses, trucks, jeeps, and

vans, with cars being the most popular. The term is derived from Greek

‘autos’ (self) and Latin ‘movére’ (move), referring to the fact that it

‘moves by itself’. Earlier terms for automobile include ‘horseless

carriage’ and ‘motor car’. An automobile has seats for the driver and,

almost without exception, one or more passengers. It is the main source of

transportation across the world.As of 2005 there are 500 million cars worldwide (0.074 per capita), of

which 220 million are located in the United States (0.75 per capita).

The modern automobile

The modern automobile powered by the Otto gasoline engine was invented in

Germany by Carl Benz. Even though Carl Benz is credited with the invention

of the modern automobile several other German engineers work on building

the first automobile at the same time. The inventors are: Carl Benz on July

3, 1886 in Mannheim, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart

(also inventors of the first motor bike) and in 1888/89 German-Austrian

inventor Siegfried Marcus in Vienna.[pic]

Let’s check out more:Nicolaus August Otto

Nicolaus August Otto invented the gas motor engine in 1876.Gottlieb Daimler

In 1885, Gottlieb Daimler invented a gas engine that allowed for a

revolution in car design.Karl Benz (Carl Benz)

Karl Benz was the German mechanical engineer who designed and in 1885 built

the world’s first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-

combustion engine.John Lambert

America’s first gasoline-powered automobile was the 1891 Lambert car

invented by John W. Lambert.Duryea Brothers

They founded America’s first company to manufacture and sell gasoline-

powered vehicles.Henry Ford

Henry Ford improved the assembly line for automobile manufacturing (Model-

T), invented a transmission mechanism, and popularized the gas-powered

automobile.Rudolf Diesel

Rudolf Diesel invented the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine.Charles Franklin Kettering

Charles Franklin Kettering invented the first automobile electrical

ignition system and the first practical engine-driven generator.

Steam powered vehicles

Steam-powered self-propelled cars were devised in the late 18th century.

The first self-propelled car was built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769—it

could attain speeds of up to 6 km/h. In 1771 he designed another steam-

driven car, which ran so fast that it rammed into a wall, producing the

world’s first car accident.

Combustion engine

In 1807 François Isaac de Rivaz designed the first internal combustion

engine (sometimes abbreviated „ICE“ today). He subsequently used it to

develop the world’s first vehicle to run on such an engine, one that used a

mixture of hydrogen and oxygen to generate energy.This spawned the birth of a number of designs based on the internal

combustion engine in the early nineteenth century with little or no degree

of commercial success. In 1860 thereafter, Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir built

the first successful two-stroke gas driven engine. In 1862 he again built

an experimental vehicle driven by his gas-engine, which ran at a speed of 3

km/h. These cars became popular and by 1865 could be frequently seen on the

roads.The first American automobiles with gasoline-powered internal combustion

engines were completed in 1877 by George Baldwin Selden of Rochester, New

York, who applied for a patent on the automobile in 1879. Selden received

his patent and later sued the Ford Motor company for infringing his patent.

Henry Ford was notoriously against the American patent system, and Selden’s

case against Ford went all the way to the Supreme Court, who ruled that

Ford had to pay a penalty to Selden, but could continue manufacturing

automobiles, because the technology had changed quite a bit by that time.Meanwhile, notable advances in steam power evolved in Birmingham, England

by the Lunar Society. It was here that the term horsepower was first used.

It was in Birmingham also that the first British four wheel petrol-driven

automobiles were built in 1895 by Frederick William Lanchester who also

patented the disc brake in the city. Electric vehicles were produced by a

small number of manufacturers.

Innovation

The first automobile patent in the United States was granted to Oliver

Evans in 1789; in 1804 Evans demonstrated his first successful self-

propelled vehicle, which not only was the first automobile in the USA but

was also the first amphibious vehicle, as his steam-powered vehicle was

able to travel on wheels on land and via a paddle wheel in the water.On 5 November 1895, George B. Selden was granted a United States patent for

a two-stroke automobile engine (U.S. Patent 549160). This patent did more

to hinder than encourage development of autos in the USA. A major

breakthrough came with the historic drive of Bertha
Benz in 1888. Steam,

electric, and gasoline powered autos competed for decades, with gasoline

internal combustion engines achieving dominance in the 1910s.

The large scale, production-line manufacturing of affordable automobiles

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