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The history of satanism

The worship of Satan, or the devil(velnias), the god of evil in

christianity, during the renaissance, witches(ragana), along with heretics,

were accused (kaltinami)of worshiping (garbinimas)the devil. Many

confessed(pripazista) to it, probably coerced [κ?υ??:σ] v (pri)versti by

torture. In popular lore(moksle), witches are still believed to have

worshiped the devil. (In modern neo-paganism and witchcraft(raganyste), or

wicca(burtai,kerai), as it is often called, there is no belief nor worship

of the devil.) Satanism has been far less common (daznai

paplites)throughout history than many would believe. The Inquisitors and

witch hunters of earlier centuries tried to persuade (itikinti)the populace

that devil worshipers were everywhere and posed (nustatyti,pastatyti)a

serious threat (gresme)to their well being. For about 250 years, from the

mid-15th century to the early 18th century, the height of the witch hunts,

that argument worked. It is possible that some devil worship may have

actually existed in those times, as an act of defiance(ignoravimas) among

those who opposed (lygina)the authority (valdžia)of the christian

church.Satanism as an organized activity did not exist much before the 17th

century. As early as the 17th century, however, the catholic

katalikiškas)church was condemning (pasmerkti)priests who subverted

(nuversti)the magical(magiskas) powers of the holy mass(sventos misios) for

evil(blogio) purposes.(tikslu) The Grimoire of Honorious, a magical

textbook first printed in the 17th century (but perhaps older), gave

instructions for saying masses(misias) to conjour (susijungti)[κ?ν?δ???ν]

demons. In the 17th century, satanic activities were conducted

(vadovaujamas)by christians who indulged(isitraukti,medautis)in the

magical/sexual rites(apeigos) of the black mass, presided (prizaid

vadovauti)over by defrocked(atimtu kunigyste) or unscrupulous(nesaziningas)

priests. The most notorious(zinomas) of these escapades(issisokimas) took

place in France during the reign(rein-karaliavimas) of Louis XIV,

engineered by the kings mistress, Madamme de Montespan, and led

(vadovavo)by an occultist(okeltizm okultizmas) named La Voisin and a 67

year old libertine (libertyn-laisvamanis)priest, the Abbé Guiborg.There is

no reliable evidence(požymiu) of satanic activity in the 18th century. In

England, the Hellfire club, a society founded by Sir Francis Dashwood (1708-

1781), has often been described as satanic, but in actuality it was little

more than a club for adolescent(edelnest-paauglys)-like men to

indule(isitraukti) in drinking, sexual play with woman called

„nuns“(vienuoles) and outrageous(siaubingas) behavior(elgesys). The

Hellfire club, or the „Medmenham monks“ as they called themselves, met

regularly between 1750 and 1762 in Dashwood’s home, Medmenham Abbey. The

members were said to conduct(vadovauti) black masses, but it is

doubtful(abejotinas) that these were serious satanic activities. Similar

groups were the brimstone(siera)boys and blue blazers(trumpasSvarkelis) of

Ireland.Perhaps the most famous Satanist in the 19th century was the Abbé

Boullan of France, who became the head of an offshoot(atsaka) of the church

of Carmel and allegedly(tariamai) practiced black magic and infant(kudikiu)

sacrifice(aukojimas). The church of Carmel was formed by Eugene Vintras,

the foreman (meistras)of a cardboard (karotono)box factory Tillysur-

Seulles. In 1839 Vintras said he received a letter from the archangel

Michael, followed by visions, of the archangel, the holy ghost, St.Joseph

and the virgin Mary. He was informed that he was the

reincarnated(ryinkarneit-persikuniti) prophet(pranasas) Elijah, and he was

to found a new religious order and proclaim(paskelbti) the coming of the

age of the holy(sventas) ghost. The true king of France, he was told, was

one Charles Naundorf.Vintras went about the countryside

preaching(sakytipamoksla) this news and acquiring(isigyti) followers,

including priests. Masses were celebrated that included visions of empty

chalices(tselis-taure) filled with blood stapins(deme) on the

Eucharist.(komunija) By 1848 the church of Carmel, as the movement was

known, was condemned(pasmerktasMirti) by the pope(popiezius). In 1851

Vintras was accused(kaltinamas) by a former disciple(sekėjas) of

conducting(vadovavimas) black masses in the nude(njud-nuoga), homosexuality

and masturbating while praying at the alter.Shortly before his death in

1875, Vintras befriended(draugiskas) Boullan, who formed a

splinter(skeveldra) group of the church of Carmel upon Vintras death. He

ran the group for 18 years, until his death, outwardly maintaining pious

practices but secretly conducting satanic rituals.Boullan seems to have

been obsessed(persekioti) with Satanism and evel since the age of 29, when

he took a nun (vienuole)named Adele Chevalier as his mistress. Chevalier

left her convent(vienuolynas), bore (nuobodus)two bastard (išpera)children

and founded with Boullan The Society for the Reparation of Souls. Boullan

specialized in exorcising (piktujuDvasiuIsvarymas)demons by

unconventional(nesuvarzytas) means, such as feeding possessed

(apimtas)viltims(aukos) a mixture of human excrement and the Eucharist. He

also performed(ivykdyti)black masses. On January 8, 1860, he had Chevalier

reportedly conducted a black mass in which they sacrificed one of their

children.By the time Boullan met
Vintras, Boullan was claiming to be the

reincarnated (persikunyti)St.John the Baptist. He taught his followers

sexual techniques and said the original sin(nuodėme) of Adam and Eve could

be redeemed(išpirkti) by sex with incubi (veisti)and succubi. he and his

followers were said to copulate(poruotis) with the spirits of the dead,

including Anthony the great.Boullan’s group was infiltrated (iflirtuoti)by

two Rosicrucians, Oswald Wirth and Stanislasde Guaita, who wrote an

exposé,(atidengti) The Temple of Satan. Boullan and de Guaita

supposedly(manoma) engaged(manomas) in magical warfare. Boullan and his

friend, the novelist J.K. Huysmans, claimed to be attacked by demons. When

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