Created three since superfluous century back tragedies, historical chronicles and the Shakespeare’s comedies live till now, excite and shake imagination of the spectators. The best theatres of the world and the outstanding actors until now consider for themselves as examination and happiness to put and to play his performance.
Having seen such performance or simply having read the play of Shakespeare, you want, probably, to learn more about that, who has created these products. But it not so is simple.
About life of the great playwright few items of information were kept. Shakespeare did not write memoirs and did not conduct a diary. There is no at us his correspondence with the contemporaries. The manuscripts of the plays of Shakespeare were not kept also. We were reached some by the documents, in which the different circumstances of his life are mentioned. Each of these documents, even if in it some words about Shakespeare, are investigated and is interpreted. As rare historical values those are considered few клочки of a paper, on which the dramatist’s hand writes some lines or simply there is his signature.
It was necessary to put a lot of work, which we could read now about Shakespeare that each educated man should know about it.
William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in small English town Stratford, located on to the river Avon. His father was the handicraftsman and merchant. The story about childhood and Shakespeare’s youth is complete of colorful details. However science cannot recognize as their quite authentic. When Shakespeare there was by little more than 20 years, he had suddenly to leave in Stratford. Young Shakespeare has set off to London.
Having appeared in unfamiliar city without means, without of the friends and familiar, he, as assert widespread of the legend, earned the first time for life by that watched at theatre of the horses, on which came famous sirs. Later Shakespeare began to serve at theatre. He watched, that the actors in time should leave on a stage, copied roles, happened, and replaced the prompter. By a word, long before, how the great playwright has deduced on a stage of the heroes, he has learned hard life of theatre.
Some years have passed. Shakespeare has begun to charge small roles at the theatre later, which have received the name „Globe“, which performances were a success in London. The actor Shakespeare and did not become, but his statements about actor’s art, and main, magnificent skill in construction of the play, testify to amazing knowledge of the laws of a stage.
However, Shakespeare wrote not only play. His poems impressed of the contemporaries also continue impress descendants by force of feelings, by depth think, grace of the form. The readers can especially well estimate Shakespeare’s sonnets, due to excellent translations.
But the main business for Shakespeare, passion by all him of life was work of the playwright, creation of the plays. Shakespeare’s hugely skill as playwright. Language of his tragedies differs by unusual riches and beauty. Him the dramatic art borrows an honorable place in repertoire theatres of all worlds.
Exulting pleasure of life, glorification sensible, strong, brave, brightly feeling, safely thinking of the man – basic in the first Shakespeare’s plays – comedies: “ Taming obstinate „, “ a Comedy of mistakes „, “ Dream in summer night „, „There is a lot of noise from anything „,“ Twelfth night „, written in 1593-1600. In them the idea is expressed important for epoch of Revival: the man needs to be judged not on a dress, not on knowledge, not on estate and riches, and on his behavior and personal qualities.
It is difficult to find in global dramatic art the play same fantastically – cheerful, clear, magic, as “ Dream in summer night „. Their participation in to destiny fond results in a happy outcome.
But noble humanistic the ideas of Revival could not win in that severe epoch. In his following plays ideas of Revival too are expressed, but the paints of the plays become gloomier. He represents collision of perfect ideals a Cart of birth with severe activity. In Shakespeare’s creativity begins to sound a theme of destruction of the heroes especially expensive to him, incarnated light humanistic of idea.