First of all I would like to introduce myself. I am Andrius Narbutas student A. I am studying in the fourth A class of gymnasium. It means that this year I am the school-leaver. Talking about my personal characteristics I would like to say that I am frank, obstinate, persistent, good-tempered and sometimes moody. In my opinion it is very important to mention that I am studying English for nine years and now you have a chance to grade my English knowledge.
The topic of my speech is ….. About languages (apie kalbas)
My native language is Lithuania. So he must know its
history, grammar, literature spelling. When I was on the
fourth form I began to learn the English language. From
the very first days I understood that it is very difficult to
learn. English, as it has different pronunciation and
spelling. If you want to learn new words, grammar, how
to form the sentence. It is necessary to know the history,
culture, traditions of the country which language, you
study. It is very difficult to learn any foreign language
when you do not hear it in the street at house. The film
which we see on TV are translated into native language
and we can’t hear the English language. The English
language is very popular in the world and what country
you visit you can communicate in England. The role of
the foreign languageshas inereased in the last years, as
Lithuanian keeps good relations with other European
countries and is going to biome a member of European
Union and NATO. So every young person must think
about his future and the use of the foreign language.
The European Union(apie europos sąjungą)
The European Union is the European supranational
organization dedicated to increasing economic
integration and strengthening co-operation among
its member states. The European Union was established
on November one, nineteen ninety three. The treaty on
European Union was ratified by the twelve members of
the European community. They were Belgium, Denmark,
France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy,
Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. The
citizen of the European Union countries received the
right to immigrate From owe country to another and
they got a greater freedom to live, work or study in
any of the member states and there were no borders
to travel from are European Union State to another.
The main body of the European Union is the European
Parliament, which is elected by the citizens of the
European Union States. The main body works in
Strasburg, but most work of its committee is done
in Brussels. Finland, Austria and Sweden joined the
European Union in nineteen ninety five. In this year
May first day Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia will become
the members of the European Union. There are seven
other countries which will become the members of the
European union. They are: Poland, Cheek, Cyprus,
Malta, Hungary, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
About myself(apie save)
My name is Justina and surname is Šaučiūnaitė. I
live in Anykščiai in Stoties street No eleven. I was
born on the fiveof march nineteen eighty
six in Anykščiai. I am eighteen, I am the citizen
of Lithuania. I am a schoolgirl and I learn in the twelve
form of Antanas Baranauskas secandary school. So I am a
school-leaver.I live with my family: father, mather, I have
one sister and one brother. All my Familymembers are
cathalics.We the memders of our family are very friendly.
We celebrate all Lithuanian holidays together. My favourite
group is B‘avarija. My favourite singer is Andrius
Mamontovas and also every yang person has a favourite
Mass media in Lithuania(apie žiniasklaidą)
TV, radio, newspapess or magazines ore very popular in
Lithuania, as there are a lot of TV channels so the young
people mostly like LNK, TV3, TV4 channels, as there are
more interesting films, more music, various games. Radio
is also very popular among yang people. They like to listen
to pop music. Of course our taste in music personal. I think
that music is not horn. It effects positive on every person.
Every teenager has his favorite singer. My favorite singer is
Andrius Mamontovas and also every yang person has a
favorite pop groups. My favorite pop group is B‘avarija.
My favorite music group is Naktinės personos. There is a
great veriely of press in Lithuania nowadays. The most
popular newspaper in Lithuania is „Lietuvos rytas“. It is
popular not only among young, at al to about older people
there we find what is happening in Lithuania and in the world.
We find articles on political events, sports, the life of interesting
people and so on. There are also many other newspapers and
magazines. Our newspaper “Anykšta” gives much material about
the life of the people in our district.
Education and school(švietimas mokykloje)
My school is A. Baranauskas secondary school. It is in Salomėjos
Nėries street. The schoolchildren get a secondary education at our
school. There are about seventy teachers and one thousand one
hundred pupils. The school-year begins on the first of September
and ends on the first of June. We have autumn, winter, spring and
summer holidays. Our summer holidays are the longest about three
months. We go to school five days in a week. Saturdays and Sundays
the days off. Junior pupils have five-six lessons in a day and
senior pupils have six-seven or even eight lessons in a day. Our
intervals last from ten to twenty minutes. During the intervals we
listen to music. We study Lithuanian, English, Russian, Germany,
French, Mathematics, History, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Music,
Art, Sports. Our classes are equipped with computers, CD players,
tape-recorders. We have library reading room, where we can use
internet, canteen, sports hall. Often classes we can take part in
various clubs. We have various competitions, parties. The pupils
of the eleven and twelve forms get a profile education and so they
are prepared for their future profession.
My favorite dish(mano mėgstamiausias patiekalas)
Every family has its favorite dish. Some families like meat dishes,
some fishes dishes, some vegetable dishes, some flour dishes and
potatoes dishes. The Lithuanian national dish is cepelinai. Every
family know how to prepare it. You need potatoes. The first thing
you have to do is washing of the potatoes, peeling them, washing
them once more. After that you grate potatoes and drain that mass.
Then we prepare meat. We take a piece of pork, cut it and put
everything into this meat mass and mix with a spoon or a hand.
Thirdly you take potatoes mass, make balls and put that prepared
meat inside the ball. Fourthly we take a pot, pour some water, put
same salt and put it on the stove. When the water begins to ball, we
put cepelinai into it and boil about half an hour them we take them
out of the pot and eat with a same made of fat or butter, onion and
Hobbies and leisure time(hobis ir laisvalaikis)
Every person is interested in it his or her hobby from childhood.
Same young people are keen on doing crossword puzzles, because
many magazines and papers are full of them but this hobby requires
much knowledge in ever sphere of life. The boys usually like
watching TV, vide making, fishing and especially now playing
computer games, television. The most popular TV programs are TV3,
TV4, LNK. On weekends the young people go to discos. Some boys
and go in for sports. They attend various sports clubs – basketball,
swimming, water sports – skating, skiing. There are very few young
people especially schoolchildren, who like reading books. Same girl
like knitting, drawing, music. Many pupils after lessons go to music
school, art school, where they learn to play any instrument, to draw.
My flat(mano butas)
I live in Stoties street number eleven . my flat is on the second floor.
Our flat consists of three rooms, a kitchen, a hall a bathroom and a
toilet. We have all conveniences in our flat – control heating, cold
and hot running water, gas. The biggest room is a sitting room. There
a two windows and therefore it is very light. There are daily and
blind curtains on the windows. On one side of the room there is a big
table with six chairs round in and there is a wall stand for books and
dishes. On the other side there is a little table, a sofa, two armchairs
a TV set, where our family rests after work. There are a lot of pictures
on the walls and many flowers. In the bedroom we have two beds a
wardrobe, a mirror, two chairs. The third room is my room, where I
have a sofa, a desk with computer on it, a bookshelf, a CD player,
two chairs. In the kitchen we have a cupboard, a table with four chairs,
refrigerator, a gas stove. In the bathroom there is a bath, a washing
machine. We also have a balcony and a cellar.
Holidays in Lithuanian(atostogos Lietuvoje)
There are a lot of holidays in Lithuanian. The most holidays are
Christmas, New Year, Easter. These holidays are celebrated in my
family Christmas, the ancient holiday of the return of the sun, was
known in most European nations. In Lithuanian people spend Christmas
with the Christmas Eve supper. Food is prepared specially for supper
and for the first day of Christmas. The whole family sits at the table
and there are twelve traditional dishes on the table. You must taste them
all. When the supper is ever, people go to church. The food is left to
stand overnight for the visiting spirits to last it. In the morning Children
find some Christmas presents under, the Christmas tree. The food usually
consists of fish, haring, fruit, cokes, nuts, honey, compote, paste. For
Easter holiday we paint eggs, take cokes, horn.
Smoking is an unhealthy habit(apie rūkimą)
It is side that about seventy interest young people smoke or have tread
smoking. There are a lot of illnesses which are caused by smoking. In
our days the children begin to smoke even in primary forms. So it has
a very big negative effect their learning. They became habitual smokers
by the time they are sixteen . I think it happens so, that the parents
doesn’t control their children, they do not interest where the children put
money which they give for lunch or dinner at school I think that there
are such adults who encourage young people to smoke. They give then
cigarettes to try to smoke for the first time, then children ask those adults
to buy cigarettes to them, as the shop assistants have no right to sell for
children. Many children smoke at school during internals. If you want to
be healthy you
smoke, mustn’t drugs, alcohol. You must eat
good food and in for sports.
There are many interesting places in Lithuanian. They Palanga, Šventoji,
Druskininkai, Birštonas, and also our native Anykščiai. The place which
Lithuanian people like most, is Palanga, because it is the biggest resort
near the Baltic sea. If guest comes from any European country, I first of
all will show my native town with its wonderful nature, museums, the river
Šventoji and lakes. I will tell him about local traditions, economical situation,
festivals. Anykščiai is such a place, which attracts tourists by its wonderful
nature. All my life from childhood up till now I spent in my native town. I
think that Lithuanian is such a country where the life is interesting and active.
My mother does the shopping every day. I help her as the purchases are some
times heavy enough to carry home. Most often we visit the supermarket Saulutė
where different departments are provided with various goods to anyone’s choice
and taste. We take a supermarket trolley and enter the first department where
you can find veal, beef, pork and sausages. A little further the fishmonger’s
section attracts your eyes with tins of any fish. You can buy some cottage
cheese, butter and cream in the dairy products department. The greengrocer’s
section gives a great variety of vegetables and fruit. There are pots, jars,
knives, forks, plates, frying-pans and other things in the household articles
department. Sometimes we are dissatisfied with goods we have bought in
the shops. In short it is better to buy things that are expensive but of a high
quality. There are lots of other shops in the town. The footwear, cosmetics
and perfumery, ready-made clothes, haberdashery, textiles, sports goods
and some others. When each season goes to an end, the prices on goods
are reduced and everyone can buy his necessary things cheaper. You saved
money can be spent easily. On the whole, shopping requires much money.
The Baltic States admission NATO is currently the most pressing topic in
the Baltic. NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It’s a
military alliance of Western nations for the purpose of collective defense.
It was established in nineteen forty nine. NATO’s member States are:
Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Island, Italy,
Luxemburg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, UK, USA.
Poland and Czech were admitted this year. In the Baltic States support
the program-“Partnership for Peace” to the Fullest extent, they will be admitted
as well. Baltic military forces take part in NATO maneuvers and it’s a concrete
benefit, as Baltic States want to be admitted as full members. There are lots of
different opinions on what is better for a small country: to be a member of a
military organization or to be a neutral country. There are various advantages
of both. It’s said, that preparation of Lithuania to join NATO requires from
eighth to ten millions Litas. That is why it would be more beneficial to modernize
the economics of Lithuania, than to spend huge sums of money on joining NATO.
Moreover some people say, that the threat of war in only our imagination. For
example, during the period 1944-1953 lots of men were killed, but it was impossible
to confirm the act of independence. Meanwhile, in 1990 the independence was restored
without any war or guns. So, it would be better to spend money on solving social
and economical problems than on joining NATO. In conclusion the opponents
of “Lithuanian in NATO” consider, that Lithuania should seeks to be a neutral
country. The proponents of “Lithuania in NATO” suggest that joining NATO
would confirm the stability of Lithuania. Lithuania is tiny country and the
enemies can be too strong and powerful to fight with. So, NATO could help
in case in the threat of war.
kada kaip kelias kiek(skaič) kiek(nesk) kieno koks kol kur
when how way how many how much whose what while where
kuris kas ką kam kodėl
which who what whom why
Am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had, will, would.
1. Personal identification
I’m Darius. I was born in 1978 on the 21th of February in Kaunas. I don’t remember anything about the weather that day, but I know that it was about 2:30 p.m. I was the first child in the family. Our family is not very big, I have a brother. When I was a child I can’t say, that I was a good boy. My parents always want me to be a good man, and now I’m very thankful for that. At that time I didn’t understand that my parents wanted good for me, and I made my mother worry about me very often. I think, that my character isn’t bad now and I’m a good, sincere and tolerant teenager.
In 1985 I started school and now I’m graduating it. I was good at all subjects. I am fond of school. I liked my class. I always felt like at home here. Everybody was so friendly and easy to get a long with.
was on good terms with my classmates and we always spend our free time together. I think, that school years maybe remain in my heart forever.
I want to say a few words about the future. I’m going to take entrance exams and enter KTU. I would like to study Computer Science. My parents are engineers – programmers and I like this profession too. That’s all about myself.
Services aren’t important as food, drinks or home, but it’s enough important to as. One of them we use more frequently others we don’t use. There are many services in my region. There is post near my house. You can use all services that post can offer: to send a postcard, letter or parcel, make postal – order, to buy stamp or postcard. There are petrols where you can buy gas. Also there are hospital and police station in my region. Police station is one of the unpleasant services. You get there when you commit something bad. If you want to do photos it’s no problem, because there are some places there you can make photograph. A Very important service for people’s beauty is hairdressing saloon. But there is only one saloon in my region.
Bank is very important for people, which have their own business. Usually they open checking account. But a lot of firms haven’t enough money so they take loans. Diplomatic services are useful, when you are in foreign country or when you want to go there. And garage – service use people who have a car. Here they can check and put right their cars.
The most important services are hairdressing, photography, post, and hospital. So all services are very useful. They make our life easier.
3. House and home
I live in apartment house. This house is in _____ street. I have an apartment in a nine-story building I live on the second floor. The livers keep house in order. There are many trees near my house. My house was built in 1991. The number of my flat is 17. I live in the two rooms flat. The area of my flat is about 60 square meters. There is a balcony in my flat. I have a fine view from the balcony and windows. I have two bed-sitting rooms, a bathroom, a toilet, a corridor and kitchen. There are bookcases, wardrobes, beds, tables in the bed-sitting rooms. My walls are papered. On the floor there are carpets. I have all amenities hot and cold water, gas, electric light, central heating, lift. In the kitchen there is gas cooker. There are gas meter, electric meter and water meter. I would like to have a detached house in some solitary place, far away from the town’s noise, smoke and polluted air. Sure it’ll be a two-stored house with a big yard and garden.
Lithuania’s flora is rich and varied, because of its geographical position and climatic peculiarities, but we can’t boast that it’s peculiar to it alone. We have typical northern plants such as conifers, deciduous trees. Forests cover one fourth of its territory. 3 centuries ago, they were twice as extensive. Nowadays more woods are cut down than replanted. We have lots of spruce, birch and alder woods as well. It’s a pity such trees as oaks, ashes and limes are decreasing, because they were used as timber. Now we can hardly find oak, ash or lime woods. The preservation and restoration of forest hasn’t been given great attention. Every year hectares of forest are planted, but more hectares are felled. Timber is still the chief article of export. Some trees are remarkable as natural rarities. In East Lithuania at Stelmuze grows an old oak, that according to botanists, about 1,5 thousand years old.